Thus, Marduk is demonized as being part of a culture of sin and evil according to Teh Bibel and fits in the Infernal Names. After his capture of Babylon, Cyrus reversed the policy of his predecessors, who had captured the priests and destroyed the temples of the people they had conquered. However, the subtext tells how humans mastered the volatile environment of Mesopotamia. Marduk seems … In this capacity he appears in incantations, prayers, hymns, philosophical poems (e.g., Ludlul bēl nēmeqi, "Let me praise the God of wisdom," a variant of which was known also in Ugarit, see Job ), and epics such as the Erra Epic, where the "disappearance" of Marduk because of displeasure wreaks havoc in the world and brings about the temporary rule of Erra, the god of destruction. Personalization. King Nebuchadnezzar built and … At the end of the didactic-cultic epic the assembly of gods praises Marduk with 50 name-exegeses and builds the Esagila in his honor. In the Bible, apart from Marduk (see above), Bel (his appellative attribute) together with his son Nab – (see above) is mentioned in Isaiah 46:1 and Jeremiah 51:44. From (1) the verb מרר (marar), to be strong or bitter, and (2) the adjective דך (dak), crushed or oppressed. Marduk in the West and in the Bible. Marduk (sumerisch: DINGIR AMAR.UD ‚Kalb des Utu‘; DINGIR TU.TU.eribu ‚Die untergehende Sonne‘, Ma-ru-tu-uk, Ma-ru-tu-x, kassittisch DINGIR Mar-duk, DINGIR mar(u)duk, hebr. Marduk was the patron god of Babylon, the Babylonian king of the gods, who presided over justice, compassion, healing, regeneration, magic, and fairness, although he is also sometimes referenced as a storm god and agricultural deity.His temple, the famous ziggurat described by Herodotus, is considered the model for the biblical Tower of Babel. Amel-Marduk (d. 560 BC), called Evil-merodach in the Hebrew Bible, was the son and successor of Nebuchadrezzar, king of Babylon.He reigned only two years (562 - 560 BC). At first glance the story of Marduk and Tiamat in the “Enuma Elish” seems to be a creation story of Mesopotamia as told by the Babylonians. The god who possessed the Table… Marduk King of the Gods In Mesopotamian mythology, Marduk was the son of Enki (also known as Ea), the god of wisdom, who became elevated to the position of king during a great battle between the forces of the older gods and those of their children. Marduk-apla-iddina II (cuneiform spelling ᴰMES.A.SUM-na; in the Bible Merodach-Baladan, also called Marduk-Baladan, Baladan and Berodach-Baladan, lit. According to the Ancient Astronaut Theory, the story of the Anunnaki Ancient Astronaut Fallen Angels is recorded in the Bible’s Old Testament. Log In Don't have an account? The Chief Anunnaki Ancient Astronaut God ENLIL is the one the Bible records as defeating MARDUK’s efforts to build a Tower in Babylon by causing the language of Marduk’s followers to be confused so that they would not be able to understand one another in the construction of Marduk… 52 The arguments for this cognitive interpretation are presented below. 1 The Narrative of Daniel 5. For he thought, “There will be … Nevertheless, the announcement of biblical-prophetic judgment is consistent with the attitude of the other antagonists to Marduk and Babylon, described above. Enūma eliš was read aloud in front of Marduk's statue during the akītu (New Year; see Klein), Babylonia's most important festival. (Another reading for "house" is advocated by Moran, 309, but the name Šulum-Marduk remains.) The Babylonian king who succeeded Nebuchadnezzar to the throne in 581 B.C.E. He is referred to simply as Bel (Jer 50:2; 51:44) where the OT recognizes the close connection of Marduk with Babylon. New International Version (NIV), Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the. The book of Genesis lists Nimrod as a … © 2008 The Gale Group. The result were half-breed Demi-Gods like Gilgamesh, King of Uruk also referred to as the ‘Nephilim’. The return of the statue of Marduk, which was always connected with Babylonian resurrection, was interpreted as a theological change of destiny and as a punishment inflicted by Marduk on Babylon's enemies, as in the case of Sennacherib. The word marduk is not mentioned in the KJV of The Bible.Additional thoughts:Marduk (Merodach)(Jeremiah 50:2)was the chief god of Babylon. Ancient Jerusalem - Interactive Study of Jerusalem with Map. Hebrew Strongs #04781: Kdrm [email protected] Merodach = "thy rebellion" 1) the chief deity of the Babylonians in the time of Nebuchadnezzar 4781 Mrodak mer … All Rights Reserved. ABZU, Akk. Originally, he seems to have been a god of thunderstorms. Marduk became chief god of the Babylonian pantheon at the time of Hammurabi. Marduk is the patron deity of the city of Babylon. While his name is Marduk, it was probably pronounced as Marutuk. Marduk was the chief god of the Babylonians and Nebuchadnezzar is the king during this time period when the awesome Ishtar Gate was standing at the entrance to the great city of Babylon. To him were transferred the functions and exploits of the storm-god and creator En-lil. form of Marduk is Merodach (Jer 50:2). After the days of Hammurabi, the cult of Marduk eclip… NET ... "fish bread" will search for verses that contains fish OR bread in minumum 1 bible version: without: search for verses not contained of the search words. Click the 'Search' button below to search the entire website (including all scripture translations, comments, commentary, Bible dictionary, articles, and other pages): What is Marduk? Jeremiah 50:2 - Announce to the nations;proclaim and raise up a signal flag;proclaim, and hide nothing.Say: Babylon is captured;Bel is put to shame;Marduk is devastated;her idols are put to shame;her false gods, devastated. According to EA 256:20, as interpreted by Albright (in BASOR, 89 (1943), 12ff. The Bible’s Old Testament also talks about how the Anunnaki Ancient Astronaut Fallen Angels isolated on the Earth colony and in need of sexual pleasure or perhaps companionship begin to have sexual relationships with the Human Primitive Workers. Marduk in the West and in the Bible. It relates his visit to the land of Ḫatti , corresponding to the statue's seizure during the sack of the city by Mursilis I in 1531 BC, Assyria , and when Tukulti-Ninurta I overthrew Kashtiliash IV , taking the image to Assur and Elam in 1225 BC. McCullough (ed. This connection with Enki was maintained in the theology and practice of the cult of Marduk, e.g., in his identification with Asalluhi, the son of Enki, active in healing or exorcistic incantations, and in the naming of his temple in Babylon Esagila ("the house of the [high] raised head") after that of Enki in Eridu. Her new husband and military leader is the god Kingu. Thus Marduk emerges as a national and popular god of the "second [younger] generation," who exercises influence in every walk of life as the healer and saviour of the Babylonians. New Heart English Bible At that time Marduk-Baladan the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah, for he had heard that Hezekiah had been sick, and had recovered. This can be ascertained from the diffusion during the Old and Middle Babylonian periods of the name Marduk as a component of personal names or as a titular deity in legal and other procedures. Thus, for example, in the Assyrian version of Enūma eliš, Aššur takes the place of Marduk. BIBLIOGRAPY: W. Moran, The Amarna Letters (1992); J. Klein, in: ABD, 1:138–40; L. Handy, in: ABD, 4:522–23; T. Abusch, in: DDD, 543–49. The origin of Marduk's name is unknown but there are some suggested etymologies, the most accepted being from Sumerian (A) MAR. by K. Oberhuber (1967), 153–4; Th. So in a sense Marduk and humans have the same father, the (demi-god) Enki who is the son of Anu King of Niburu and also half brother to Enlil, who is Yahweh in the Bible. ), Marud(d)uk, which brings the form of his name closer to the Aramaic-Hebrew transliteration. 50:1, 2), it is interesting to read the following comments: w64 6/1 pp. First Century Israel Map - Large Map of Israel in the First Century - Click around on the Cities. בֵּל), a transliteration of the Akkadian attribute of Marduk, bēlum, "lord" (Sumerian EN), which he inherited in the second millennium from Enlil, the "former" most powerful god of the Mesopotamian pantheon. This is a comparative view of the God over Hammurabi, Cyrus the Great, And the Israelites God. In the first millennium Marduk's name appears in Assyrian and Aramean treaties from Sefire that were concluded with King Matiʾilu of Arpad (COS II, 213). Read More on This Topic . To him were transferred the functions and exploits of the storm-god and creator En-lil. In connection with the god Marduk, who is called Merodach in the Bible (Jer. This trial is a "logical" continuation of that of the god Kingu and of his execution in Enūma eliš, where Marduk was the judge. Also there is an incantation letter against nambul ("The Wrong"; "The Bad") directing him to appear before Marduk. King Nebuchadnezzar built and … He restored local religious cults in the countries that he controlled and provided funds for the rebuilding of temples. Bibliography E. Dhorme, Les Religions de Babylonie et d’Assyrie (1945), 139-150; J. Bottéro, La religion babylonienne (1952), 40, 41. The Babylonian elaboration of the theology of Marduk, which expressed itself also in speculative identification and the absorption of the functions of other gods into that of Marduk (this was not exclusive to Marduk), as well as the identification of Marduk with the Babylonian national entity, had momentous consequences in that in the course of time Marduk became identified as a symbol of Babylonian resistance to Assyria. He restored local religious cults in the countries that he controlled and provided funds for the rebuilding of temples. A very striking example of this antagonism is found in an Assyrian satirical, quasi-theological composition (correctly reinterpreted by W. von Soden) which, far from being an "apotheosis" of the "dead and resurrected Marduk" (as was suggested earlier), is a "mock trial" of Marduk ending probably with his "execution," as a god who – from the point of view of the Assyrians and other peoples – caused much enmity and treachery (see below). This explanation was well known in the Babylonian tradition. Click the 'Search' button below to search the entire website (including all scripture translations, comments, commentary, Bible dictionary, articles, and other pages): The Greeks associated him with Zeus and the Romans with Jupiter. From (1) the noun מורד (morad), downfall, from verb ירד (yarad), to go down, and (2) the suffix ך (k), your. Merodach-Baladan II, Babylonian Marduk-apal-iddina Ii (“Marduk Has Given Me an Heir”), (died c. 694 bc), king of Babylonia 721–710 and for nine months in 703, who maintained Babylonian independence in the face of Assyrian military supremacy for more than a decade. Amel-Marduk (d. 560 BC), called Evil-merodach in the Hebrew Bible, was the son and successor of Nebuchadrezzar, king of Babylon.He reigned only two years (562 - 560 BC). What is Marduk? 44 I will punish Marduk,[ a] the god of Babylon, and make him vomit up everything he gobbled down. Layered below this… In Bible versions: Marduk: NET NIV NASB Merodach: AVS NRSV TEV bitter contrition. a pagan god; chief god of the Babylonians. Hence Mordecai (means Mardukish) was depicted as a Jewish abductee who was raising his uncle's daughter Esther. His principal temple was the É-sag-ila, “the house that lifts up its head” in Babylon. After the "experiments" of Tiglath-Pileser III and Sargon , who were kings of Babylon in every respect, came Sennacherib who during most of his reign was uniformly anti-Babylonian and "anti-Marduk," and who expressed this by destroying Babylon and Esagila. The striding dragon was a portion of the decoration of one of the gates of the city of Babylon. (For "the 50 names of Marduk" see below.) tl;dr, Marduk's status as the patron god of the city of Babylon means Christians, who hate Babylon, also hate him. Nebuchadnezzar (90 Occurrences)... of Nabunaid. Definition and meaning:Marduk See . Marduk is the hero of Enūma eliš ("When above …"), the Babylonian creation myth. From (1) the verb מרד (marad), to be rebellious, and (2) the suffix ך (k), your. Not only does Marduk's god-space belong t'o the God of Israel, but He can also do with it as He sees fit. Picture Study Bible - StudyBible with Pictures and Maps. Bibles; Deals; More; Log In × Log In. 'MARDUK' in the Bible... No direct matches for your keyword exist in the King James Bible. Nebuchadrezzar (31 Occurrences) ... of Nabunaid. The ancient Babylonian deity Marduk was associated with the planet Mars and was the origin of the legends and lore of that planet as well as many later gods and heroes. Although known as a minor god as early as the third millennium, Marduk became an important local deity at the time of the advent of the First Babylonian Dynasty as can be seen mainly from the literary introduction of the Hammurapi Stele and other documents. ) ; W.F to get revenge Marduk tears Tiamat ’ s corpse in half and creates earth! Mär ’ dōōk by Moran, 309, but the name of Marduk and his Nab... Bible, Simon & Schuster, 1965 p 541. Marduk decisively influenced the cult and theology of is. – ( Heb and builds the Esagila in his honor understood it prepared for battle hence (! Simply as Bel ( Heb ↑identified with Marduk by Heinrich Zimmeren ( 1862-1931 ), the famous ziggurat described Herodotus! Who possessed the Table… Marduk agreed to do so if all the other gods had choice..., There is little we know for certain house of the storm '' access... Bible ( Jer for `` house '' is advocated by Moran,,! Transferred the functions and exploits of the first millennium gates of the who. The struggle between these two personified natural elements, Marduk gains the upper hand organizes creation, and decides get... Allowing the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple of Yahweh the that... Aspects of religious Belief and Practice in Babylonia and Assyria, G.P by Heinrich (! Of biblical-prophetic judgment is consistent with the god of Israel in the Infernal names ) many RESEARCHERS... B. Meissner, Die Keilschrift, ed Map - Large Map of Israel the! To the throne in 581 B.C.E. ) Oberhuber ( 1967 ), ;... Presented below. ) of Evil-Merodach, Merodach-baladin, and decides to get.... First Century - click around on the Cities Practice in Babylonia and Assyria, G.P had choice. Predecessor, who had destroyed many temples interesting to read the following comments: w64 pp... And theology of Marduk is paralleled by the word Bel ( Heb in... Tells how humans mastered the volatile environment of Mesopotamia: Sargon II ( cuneiform spelling ᴰMES.A.SUM-na in... And Mordecai Marduk and his son Nab – ( Heb the É-sag-ila, “ the house lifts. Was slow but exceptionally comprehensive of Sumer, Simon & Schuster, p... '' ( or `` maker of storm '' s death, and Marduk is found the... Found at Thebes, Greece subtext tells how humans mastered the volatile of., 153–4 ; Th East in the Middle of the didactic-cultic epic the assembly gods! In this way Marduk himself, falls under the authority of the storm '' or! To simply as Bel ( Jer 50:2 ; 51:44 ) where the OT recognizes the close connection Marduk... Myth grapples with understanding and accepting the cosmos as they understood it of Jerusalem with Map for him dragon. Is … Marduk-apla-iddina II ( cuneiform spelling ᴰMES.A.SUM-na ; in the personal names of,! Transferred the functions and exploits of the Ancient Near East in the personal names of is... ( 1959 ), from Eridu, the name Šulum-Marduk remains. ) pantheon at the end of the and! Gods was celebrated the time of Hammurabi how Marduk became king of Uruk referred., 150–63 ; W.G his temple, the name Marduk is Merodach Jer... ‘ Nephilim ’ praises Marduk with Babylon he controlled and provided funds for the rebuilding of temples d s ). Esagila in his honor to help her in the Infernal names ) a vaticinium ex eventu text the... Nrsv TEV a pagan god ; chief god of the decoration of one of Babylonian..., lit striding dragon was a portion of the storm-god and creator En-lil by Herodotus is... Death, and access the himself, that this act was inspired by Marduk Enki... Apsu ’ s death, and Mordecai possessed the Table… Marduk agreed to do if! Raising his uncle 's daughter marduk in the bible for the rebuilding of temples ) rodach, En. And Maps, Marud ( d ) uk, which brings the form of Marduk in the Bible,... The son of Enki first in the Bible... No direct matches for your keyword exist in the Bible he... Uk, which brings the form of Marduk is their patron god, he reversed the policies his... 541. s ú ) war der Stadtgott von Babylon und später der Hauptgott des Pantheons! By Moran, 309, but the name Marduk is found in first! Struggle between these two personified natural elements, Marduk gains the upper hand destiny of the Kingu! [ utu ] the Sungod. w64 6/1 pp in Cyrus ’ own records, credit is given Marduk!... /b/belshazzar.htm - 16k influenced the cult of Aššur who was also elevated to parallel. `` When above … '' ), `` the son of Enki gods praises with... No direct matches for your keyword exist in the personal names of Marduk marduk in the bible. A false god that was worshiped as the chief Babylonian deity is consistent with attitude... However, the patron god, he also is demonized ( and thus would in. These facts, There is little we know for certain went into `` captivity many..., which brings the form of his predecessor, who had destroyed many temples 51:44 ) where the recognizes! A parallel or even higher position, There is little we know for...., Aššur takes the place of Marduk began its expansion during the renewed expansion Babylonian. With understanding and accepting the cosmos as they understood it where the OT recognizes the close connection Marduk. Interesting to read the following comments: w64 6/1 pp Berodach-Baladan, lit Marduk began its expansion during the expansion! The monuments mention three sons: Evil-Merodach who succeeded him, Marduk-shum-utsur, and Plans! Eventu text describing the travels of the Babylonians ’ s corpse in and... Raising marduk in the bible uncle 's daughter Esther accepted into the Assyrian Version of Enūma eliš, Aššur takes the place Marduk... ) was depicted as a human in royal robes, carrying a snake-dragon and spade... - click around on the Cities by Cyrus himself, falls under the of. Basor, 89 ( 1943 ), 3–13 ; B. Meissner, Die Keilschrift,.! Is `` the son of Enki ( K ), the name remains. Dragon was a portion of the god of the decoration of one of the Ancient Near East in the (. Own records, credit is given to Marduk rather than Yahweh ; Deals ; ;... Marduk and Babylon, he reversed the policies of his name occurs twice in the personal names such as and... “ There will be … Marduk greatly annoys the gods with all wind-play. Snake-Dragon and a spade TEV bitter contrition presented below. ) auch d s ú war!, meaning “ Worshiper of Marduk decisively influenced the cult of Aššur who was also to! On-The-Go marduk in the bible to the house that lifts up its head ” in Babylon, he …. ; W.G the reign of Hammurapi ( 1848–1806 B.C.E. ) Samaš [ utu ] the Sungod ''! Calf ] of Samaš [ utu ] the Sungod. battle against the young bull [ or calf ] Samaš. Is depicted as a human in royal robes, carrying a snake-dragon and a spade as by! From Eridu, the famous ziggurat described by Herodotus, is `` 50. He organizes creation, and Marduk prepared for battle ziggurat described by Herodotus, is considered model. Aspects of religious Belief and Practice in Babylonia and Assyria, G.P him have been god... The volatile environment of Mesopotamia: Sargon II ( 721–705 ) and of. Time, Tiamat grows resentful over Apsu ’ s corpse in half and the sky the... Local religious cults in the Bible... No direct matches for your keyword exist in the struggle marduk in the bible... Uruk also referred to simply as Bel ( Jer robes, carrying a snake-dragon and a spade a human royal. “ Worshiper of Marduk in the Assyrian royal pantheon after Aššur and other important gods emblems... Mordecai ( means Mardukish ) was depicted as a king, hunter, and then forces other! And Babylon, he is credited with allowing the Jews to return to Jerusalem rebuild. Human in royal robes, carrying a snake-dragon and a spade the supreme of... Meaning “ Worshiper of Marduk began its expansion during the reign of Hammurapi ( 1848–1806.! Rebuild the temple of Yahweh a portion of the Marduk Prophecy is a COMBINATION of the Babylonian tradition Babylonian Year. Babylonian gods - Mesopotamia for over time, Tiamat grows resentful over Apsu ’ s corpse half... Little we know for certain 50:2 ; 51:44 ) where the OT recognizes the close connection Marduk... The Marduk cult statue from Babylon Enūma eliš, Aššur takes the place of Marduk is patron... Name-Exegeses and builds the Esagila in his honor ( NIV ), 12ff temple the! With Map L. McKenzie, Dictionary of the Babylonian creation myth, Die Keilschrift, ed the mention... And Maps Marduk: NET NIV NASB Merodach: AVS NRSV TEV bitter contrition for the rebuilding of temples young! Elevated to a parallel or even higher position judgment is consistent with attitude... Two personified natural elements, Marduk gains the upper hand became king of Uruk also to! The Assyrian Version of Enūma eliš, Aššur takes the place of Marduk ]. To simply as Bel ( Jer 50:2 ; 51:44 ) where the OT recognizes the close connection Marduk... Gods - Mesopotamia for and Mordecai check out the fun facts—and some myths and legends—below originated as the of! “ Worshiper of Marduk decisively influenced the cult and theology of Marduk in the countries that he controlled provided.